Effects of regular exercise combined with ingestion of vespa amino acid mixture on aerobic fitness and cardiovascular disease risk factors in sedentary older women: a preliminary study.More

“Regular exercise combined with VAAM ingestion may slightly increase aerobic fitness and decrease intra-abdominal fat in sedentary older women…”


Effects of ingestion of Vespa Amino Acid Mixture under postprandial conditions on blood ketone body concentrations during prolonged exercise in humans.More

“…These findings suggest that an additive effect of exercise and the vespa amino acid mixture ingestion might stimulate hepatic ketogenesis and consequently increase blood ketone body concentrations during exercise under postprandial conditions. Furthermore,fat oxidation is still activated during athletic exercise, despite high blood glucose levels (from food digestion).”


Effects of ingestion of Hornet Larval Salivary Amino Acid Mixture on metabolic responses during exercise. More

“…There was a significant effect of the vespa amino acid mixture on the metabolic responses of the athletes. These athletes showed tendencies toward a decreasing heart rate, rate of perceived exertion and respiratory exchange ratio and toward an increasing serum FFA and ketone body during exercise. These results suggest that ingestion of the vespa amino acid mixture may be effective in reducing physical stresses thus improving overall performance in subjects who train both aerobically and anaerobically.”


The Activation of Fatty Acid Metabolism by Vespa Amino Acid Mixture and Related Nutrients During Endurance Exercise.

Advances in Exercise and Sports Physiology;
Volume 3, Number 1, May 1997

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“…These findings suggest that the vespa amino acid mixture causes a shift from carbohydrate to fat consumption. These metabolic responses to the vespa amino acid mixture ingestion during endurance exercise would prevent the occurrence of fatigue. It is thus considered that the complex effects of the vespa amino acid mixture, its anti-fatigue effects, finally result in an improvement in exercise performance such as the elongation of swimming time.”


Discovery of Vespa Amino Acid Mixture and its Functions.

Takahashi Abe; The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research
Science & Technology in Japan; No. 88

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“…These results suggest that lipolytic amino acid mixture refines fat metabolism, with emphasis on accelerating lipolysis (the breakdown of fat stored in fat cells) and fat burning.”

“…Those who were given the vespa amino acid mixture exhibited lower respiration and heart rates.”

“…The vespa amino acid mixture has many additional effects, such as improving liver and kidney functions; improved central nervous system response during exercise; helping to retain body heat; improving autonomic nerve function control and so on. These functions probably stem from the complicated amino acid composition.”


Effects of Vespa Amino Acid Mixture Identical to Hornet Larval Saliva on the Blood Biochemical Indicies of Running Rats

Nutrition Research, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 999-1012, 1997
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“…The administration of the vespa amino acid mixture could promote lipolysis (the breakdown of fat stored in fat cells) and the utilization of body fat as an energy source…revealed an inhibitory action on the depression of the blood glucose level, lower blood lactate level and high NEFA value during exercise.”


Nutritional effect of Vespa Amino Acid Mixture on endurance exercise in swimming mice. More

“Our studies show clearly that larval saliva consists mainly of amino acids, the composition of which is similar among the five hornet species found in Japan. In this study, we prepared an amino acid mixture identical to that in the larval saliva of V. mandarinia, and analyzed the nutritional effect of these amino acid nutrients on endurance exercise in swimming mice.

It is thus considered that the peculiar amino acid composition of the vespa amino acid mixture might be markedly related to the prolongation of swimming times.

Lactate production in mice receiving the vespa amino acid mixture was definitely lower than in mice receiving other nutrients.”


Comparative Study of the Composition of Hornet Larval Saliva, its Effect on Behaviour and Role of Trophallaxis
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 99C, No. 1/2, pp. 79-84, 1991

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Scientific flow diagram of the effect of Hornet Juice on the body’s metabolism.

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The influence of a dietary amino acid mixture on blood fat metabolites during a one month walking exercise. More